Credit: EUROfusion consortium
The Players of EUROfusion's MST Programme
The Medium-Sized Tokamak (MST) programme allows researchers to carry out experiments that cannot be done on JET, lets them complement and confirm JET results and broadens the experimental database. The devices that are part of the EUROfusion MST programme are ASDEX Upgrade, MAST Upgrade, TCV and WEST.
ASDEX Upgrade is run by Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (IPP), Garching, Germany. ASDEX Upgrade is equipped with a tungsten wall and it can create ITER-like high power loads at the reactor wall. It scales up to JET, which scales up to ITER, and thus enables a stepped approach to the development of ITER plasma regimes of operation.
The spherical tokamak MAST Upgrade is housed at the Culham Centre for Fusion Energy (CCFE). With its latest 2016 upgrade this spherical tokamak can investigate the super-X divertor – a magnetic configuration that spreads the heat loads at the divertor area – the area of the vessel wall which is in touch with the plasma edge.
The former Tore Supra tokamak which has evolved into WEST (W – tungsten Environment Steady-state Tokamak) to test the ITER divertor. Salient features of WEST include unique long pulse capabilities, as well as high levels of additional power and operation with actively cooled components including an actively cooled tungsten divertor.