National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA) - Department of Fusion and Technologies for Nuclear Safety and Security (FSN)
ENEA coordinates the Italian program carried out by twenty parties including universities, research institutes and industries. Institutes carrying out fusion research along with ENEA include the Institute for Plasma Science and Technology of the National Research Council (CNR – ISTP), Consorzio RFX, National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Consorzio DTT and Consorzio CREATE.
About 700 staff researchers and technicians work on fusion research across Italy. Italy has a strong educational and training programme for PhD and post-doc students. Italian Institutes have a tradition of collaboration with industry.
ENEA has housed the Frascati Tokamak Upgrade (FTU), a high-magnetic-field tokamak dedicated to investigation of radio-frequency plasma heating. ENEA research focusses on plasma theory and experiments, the development of superconducting materials, of manufacturing processes for divertor targets, on nuclear safety and design, on fusion neutronics at the Frascati 14-MeV Neutron Generator, and on experimental validation of liquid metal technology for blankets at ENEA centre at Brasimone.
Consorzio RFX is exploiting RFX-mod, a flexible device that can be operated both as a high current Reversed Field Pinch and as a tokamak; RFX is developing the 1MV, 40A Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) for plasma heating in ITER, with the NBTF plant (SPIDER and MITICA).
ISTP-CNR develops the design of the ECRH systems and of diagnostics and in plasma scenarios studies. ISTP is involved in the design and development of neutron and gamma-ray diagnostics; experimental studies on plasma-wall interactions are performed with the linear machine GyM, hosted in the ISTP laboratories.
A new experiment is in construction in Frascati ENEA Centre by a large Consortium of Italian entities, the Divertor Tokamak Test (DTT) facility, which will investigate alternative divertor configurations for DEMO.
Italian researchers have been highly involved in the successful DT campaign at JET and are significantly contributing to ITER and Broader Approach activities.